Report about Chinese Tourist !
This research began there shortly and that communication is more intended to raise thoughts, questions that show results "final". Conducted as part of a post-doctorate under the supervision of Chinese travellers !
Chinese tourists are more likely to travel the world as can be see from the charts below.
This phenomenon is fairly recent, mainly directed towards Asia, dating from the 1990s, and the rising number of tourists is more important every year. However, the practices of these individuals are fairly obscure, at least misunderstood or misinterpreted.
Wang Xinjun, 2009. In Paris, for example, tourist destination "authorized" by the Chinese government since September 2004, these tourists are confined to "new kings of shopping", people who travel in groups, in a form of "mass tourism" (eg with these photographs showing Chinese tourists last summer, near the Eiffel Tower, standing in line to eat as quickly as possible - in less than thirty minutes - before crossing the street to go "shopping"). The Chinese are beginners and tourists, as recently accessing the pleasures of "recreation."
Chinese Travellers !Precisely, there are also many observers believe that the Chinese show, with at least twenty years behind the practices of Japanese tourists. These traveling today enough individually, it is assumed that when the Chinese market will mature, the practices of these two groups tend to look alike. So the idea of "evolutionism" there would be a "universal" model of tourism and all populations tend to it once the milestones, ranging from tourism "beginner" tourism called "cultural ". This idea, although generally accepted, however, is not tenable because it denies the history, culture and innovation, including tourism, companies acceding countries today tourism, especially international. Interest in the specificity of Chinese tourism practices Proof that the "new tourism companies" innovate socially and spatially, those hoping to do business with the Chinese recently arrived in Paris, but also elsewhere in the world, frequently find themselves trapped by their lack of understanding of Chinese social and spatial practices.
So much so that the Chinese "Eldorado", as it was announced for the opening of the tourist flows to France in 2004 , remains a dead letter today, the actors of the tourist sphere that manage these flows are Chinese diaspora, and non-Chinese players are wondering if we should not be working with the Chinese for Chinese tourists ...
China seems to be the absolute otherness, this country with a culture and a way of making very tight . One hypothesis to understand the construction of the tourism practices, the one I made in my PhD, following the work of Isabelle Sacareau in the HDR (2006), is to look at ways to Chinese, to compare to those of foreign tourists, especially Western - where tourism is born - to see whether the difference in a "model". The Chinese, arriving late on the world tourism scene, do they do that "copy" tourism practices found elsewhere in the world (meaning "developed") when they access the tourism? Or do is there a shift in space and time tourism practices?
For example (as we showed at the conference last year with Champlain Sylvine Pickel and Violier Philippe), the view of the clouds is being sought by Chinese tourists, which may raise eyebrows in the West, often skeptical in front of a landscape you can not see. However, this practice has not always been foreign to Western tourists, long marveled at the sight of clouds and fog, as immortalized the Wanderer above the Sea of cloud by Caspar David Friedrich. Here, as in China today, the tourist is in the middle of the painting: as the Chinese approach, it is part of all he contemplates. The Chinese "they learn" and the practices of the West? We observe, however, that mingle universal appearance model of tourism development and local conditions, the result of the tradition of the company concerned, which generate innovative archetypes by syncretism.